:739–740 The abdomen of the earwig is flexible and muscular. Tanglefoot doesn't dry out and is weatherproof. From midwinter to early spring, the male will leave, or be driven out by the female. Whitewig? , Earwigs are regularly preyed upon by birds, and like many other insect species they are prey for insectivorous mammals, amphibians, lizards, centipedes, assassin bugs, and spiders. Unlike most insects, earwig mothers actually take care of their young. It's said to work well when it's brushed on duct tape that has been wrapped around a tree trunk. But those pincers. The animal likes moist but not wet areas. Strong neuron connections connect the neurohemal corpora cardiaca to the brain and frontal ganglion, where the closely related median corpus allatum produces juvenile hormone III in close proximity to the neurohemal dorsal arota. :) Go figure! The tape makes it easy to remove the Tanglefoot at the end of the season.
 Thus, these former suborders were eliminated in the most recent higher classification. Interesting facts, Alicia. and Mote, D.C. (1934) Progress report regarding the introduction in Oregon of, Clausen, C.P. Glad you liked the article. Are you already aware that those creepy bugs are called earwigs? To prevent earwig infestations remove piles of leaves, fallen trees and other debris as these environments are perfect hiding spots for earwigs. The goal is to get the earwigs to fall into the oil. Just killed one in my bed. Hello, Love your site! Learn more from Western Exterminator. The cerci are curved in the male and have teeth-like structures. Thank you for the visit and the comment, Deb. Many earwig species display maternal care, which is uncommon among insects. :739 Out of about 1,800 species, about 25 occur in North America, 45 in Europe (including 7 in Great Britain), and 60 in Australia. Insects are more vulnerable when they have just molted and they are more likely to hide in more secluded places at that time. To a large extent, this species is also a scavenger, feeding on decaying plant and animal matter if given the chance. Martin Kloess from San Francisco on April 29, 2013: Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 28, 2013: Thanks for the comment, MJennifer. Book Review: Field Guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe, Swarovski Optik NL Pure 10×42 Binocular Review, Fenix PD35 v2.0 LED Torch/Flashlight Review, Humpback Whale Catalogue breaches 100 animal milestone. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 01, 2013: Thanks for the comments, Rolly. But you don't have too much to worry about with…, This is the first time using your service. And I just spied this anomaly today so I googled it. I've never used it myself, but the entomologist in the video above recommends it. But, my mother-in-law who lives in Nova Scotia and is an avid gardener is always at war with the insect.
It might be a stretch to call an abundance of earwigs delightful. The one in the video above has been invaded by a parasitic horsehair worm. Some earwig species are attracted to lights.  Species in Hemimeridae were at one time in their own order, Diploglassata, Dermodermaptera, or Hemimerina. It is considered a household and garden pest, although as invasive species go, the impacts are fairly mild given the abundance of the species. The insects reportedly like molasses, too. The earwigs attacked mature plants and made cup-shaped bite marks 3–11 mm (0.12–0.43 in) in diameter. There is nothing in there that they want, except maybe some moisture and warmth. Where they lay eggs and/or cause insanity. Some have suggested the pincers make them look like earrings, and others that their wings resemble ears.  The name is more popularly thought to be related to the old wives' tale that earwigs burrowed into the brains of humans through the ear and laid their eggs there.  Hippolyte Lucas observed scarlet acarine mites on European earwigs.
It is capable of maneuvering as well as opening and closing the forceps.  During the summer they can be found around damp areas such as near sinks and in bathrooms. It was coined by Charles De Geer in 1773. Many orders of insect have been theorized to be closely related to earwigs, though the icebugs of Notoptera are most likely. These pincers are used to capture prey, defend themselves and fold their wings under the short tegmina.
And one species takes it to an extreme….
They eat annoying pests like aphids and mites and also eat insect eggs. I have yet to see any kind of mating activity but it may occur at nigh. The pincers, called cerci, are notably curved in males and straight in females. They’re everywhere this year: under the car, in house cracks, even in clothing. I will also inform her that the pincers don’t hurt if you happen to get pinched, so no need to be afraid of them. Typo: “as little as 0.6 kg of earwig feces per kilogram”. Seedlings and immature plants, leafy vegetables, flowers, soft fruits, berries, and corn silk may be severely damaged by the insects. Tree Tanglefoot is reportedly a very helpful product for controlling earwigs. This superstition is absolutely not true.
, The fossil record of the Dermaptera starts in the Late Triassic to Early Jurassic period about 208 million years ago in England and Australia, and comprises about 70 specimens in the extinct suborder Archidermaptera.
Because of the earwig’s appearance, there is a superstition that earwigs will crawl into a person’s ear and bore into the brain. Thanks so much! :739 The only native species of earwig found in the north of the United States is the spine-tailed earwig (Doru aculeatum),:144 found as far north as Canada, where it hides in the leaf axils of emerging plants in southern Ontario wetlands. It certainly looked like they were attacking that earwig in the last video. I have picked up hundreds of them this summer; my backyard chickens find them to be a tasty snack. This practice of eating one’s mother, practiced by other insects as well, is called matriphagy.  These features have not been found in other insects. , Few earwigs survive winter outdoors in cold climates. Thanks and have a great Sunday! We suspect they darken quickly, within a few hours after molting. Ick.
I have just found 2 and I am in Quebec Canada.. Just found one, crawling on my outdoor table first time.  At least 26 species of parasitic fungus from the order Laboulbeniales have been found on earwigs. I think it's an Earwig, but it is all white. They were all over especially the petunias. (ed. Thank goodness this has been long proven to be incorrect. She takes care of her eggs, protecting them from danger and keeping them clean. Unfortunately, in some places earwigs are a serious pest that needs to be removed. Reducing the moisture levels both in and around your home can help to deter earwigs. I always have a mass of earwigs on the pole of my washing line when I wind it up. More: Rare 'pitch black' deer was just spotted in west Michigan. Many people seem to dislike these insects!  A small species of roundworm, Mermis nigrescens, is known to occasionally parasitize earwigs that have consumed roundworm eggs with plant matter. I described what was going on and let Ana know that the only day we would be here is Friday. , Arixeniina represents two genera, Arixenia and Xeniaria, with a total of five species in them. And more. Hemimerina are viviparous ectoparasites, preferring the fur of African rodents in either Cricetomys or Beamys genera. 7 (Jul. They are eating all the leaves from the vegtables. No fossil Hemimeridae and Arixeniidae are known. Research by Yoshitaka Kamimura of the Tokyo Metropolitan University suggested that these elongated virga may do more than inseminate. , The neuroendocrine system is typical of insects.
It makes them look more frightening than they really are. In your research did you come across anything about large swarms in late Spring or early summer. Earwig infestations are quite rare to come across, as they are considered a more individual insect, not belonging to a queen or colony. It may also hide inside a piece of fruit, a flower, leaf litter, mulch, compost, a crack in a piece of wood, or a wood pile. ", Marshall, Judith A.
On the other hand, species in the genus Xeniaria (still of the suborder Arixeniina) are believed to feed on the guano and possibly the guanophilous arthropods in the bat's roost, where it has been found. Hopefully, I don’t have to state that earwigs don’t burrow into brains. With about 2,000 species in 12 families, they are one of the smaller insect orders. Yet we’ll let a firefly with its twinkling magic crawl all over our hand. Marcy J. Miller from Arizona on April 28, 2013: Interesting hub, Alicia. Earwigs. I quite like the little guys, but I can certainly understand why gardeners might not like them. Shanor, Leland. I have tried to research this phenomenon too no avail. A very old rumour that's still circulating says that earwigs enter people's ears, burrow into their brain, and lay their eggs there. There really is no such thing as an albino insect. One species of tachinid fly, Triarthria setipennis, has been demonstrated to be successful as a biological control of earwigs for almost a century.
They have been known to cause economic losses in fruit and vegetable crops. The male's forceps will become curved, while the females' forceps remain straight. , Most earwigs are flattened (which allows them to fit inside tight crevices, such as under bark) with an elongated body generally 7–50 millimetres (0.28–1.97 in) long. The other day while pulling weeds here in San Diego I disturbed this little guy. At first sight fear comes into play and after observing them they are just another of these important players in the eco system we have that have been given a bad wrap. The mother is a ready source of calories, and even better the young earwigs don’t have to leave the safety of the nest to dine. I just found one in a Countdown supremarked in Dunedin. Like most other epizoic species, there is no fossil record, but they are probably no older than late Tertiary. Not all earwigs do this, but some emit a foul-smelling liquid as a defensive strategy. :738–739, The forewings are short oblong leathery plates used to cover the hindwings like the elytra of a beetle, rather than to fly. I always had a minor aversion to them, passed down to me from my own mother, who despised them and considered them "filthy" insects. As is the case with many insects, its decline and eventual disappearance were scarcely noted. The liquid from canned fish or from canned cat or dog food works well. Every year in May and June at a local State Park (Mount Diablo State Park CA.) Some examples are the flowers, hops, red raspberries, and corn crops in Germany, and in the south of France, earwigs have been observed feeding on peaches and apricots.  Their primary insect predators are parasitic species of Tachinidae, or tachinid flies, whose larvae are endoparasites. During the day, earwigs seek a shelter for protection. Mother earwigs carefully guard their eggs, tending them for weeks. Hi, Cynthia. or maybe it's a baby? I will be inspecting my garden very carefully for a while! If tidying a garden doesn't eliminate or significantly decrease an earwig infestation, natural pest control methods could be very helpful. , Earwigs are among the few non-social insect species that show maternal care. Earwigs definitely don't burrow into the brain, and they definitely don't lay their eggs inside our bodies.