Asking patients to ask staff to wash their hands might be challenging as there are ethical issues attached to it. Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………Page 1 As previously stated there are six links to the chain of infection. The Nursing Procedures Followed to Control and Prevent Nosocomial / Hospital Acquired Infection’s (HCAI’S) Type: The hands should be rubbed together briskly for approximately 10-15 seconds, until the hands feel dry. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? Help. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Bacterial infections can be treated by using antibiotics. No plagiarism, guaranteed! We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. “In order to break the reservoir link, routine cleaning is an integral part of hospital practice and helps to maintain a high standard of care. Get a verified writer to help you with Research Study Infection Control. It is cited that “a thorough understanding of the chain of infection helps health care professionals to deliver safe care and in turn enables appropriate measures to be taken in order to prevent transmission of infection” (Wilson, 2001, p70). - Bacterial flora already present in the patient; As previously stated there are six links to the chain of infection. Another preventative step, although commonly not used within the health care setting, is for individuals to wear masks and eye protection. To conclude, everything which was touched upon in the introduction was explored throughout the text, with the main focus of the assignment exploring the chain of infection. Disposable gloves for direct contact with body fluids and moist body sites provide a reliable method of reducing the acquisition on hands of microorganisms from these sources. The use of linen could also cause a potential infection epidemic. Hospitals are not the only place where groups of susceptible people congregate to receive care. Today, infection control is a continuous concern for its, Procedures Followed to Control and Prevent Nosocomial / Hospital Acquired Infection’s (HCAI’S) The essay … Local laundering facilities are often encountered in many community elderly care units and some specialist wards usually for patients own clothes (Horton and Parker, 2006). Before a person ever speaks a word, typically others around them can make judgments and form opinions based on the subtle messages provided... To establish and maintain a safe, healthy learning environment. In this study the researchers chose to use a convenience sampling. These microorganisms must overcome any resistance mounted by the host’s defences in order for them to multiply and develop. Of the 26 randomized controlled trials (RCT), twelve were discarded, as some were not relevant and some were unavailable. A Flair for the Dramatic/Selfish Machines by Pierce the Veil. Viruses can only be seen with an electron microscope because they are so small. A way this could be successfully achieved is to use universal precautions within health care settings. Moreover, this newly acquired power by the patients will also empower them to be involved in monitoring and reporting on standard of cleanliness in hospital wards (DH, 2004). “Infection occurs when an infectious agent multiplies within the body tissues causing adverse affects” (Walsh, 1997, p.102). treated with antibiotics. Cracked skin may harbour more bacteria and increase the risk of cross-infection” (Berman et al, 2009,p222). Intact skin protects tissue from invasion by microorganisms. Hense, in this case there were no single rooms available therefore the suspected patient’s are nursed in the affected bay and a caution is put on that bay to any new admissions NHS (2010). Hospitals and other care providers are legally required to implement this code of practice within their organisations. One of the most common practices to lessen the risk of cross-infection is hand hygiene which has reduced overall infection rates in hospitals. Some common entry routes are the urinary, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts (Taylor et al, p504, 1993). The findings go against the DH (2003), plan to involve patients in their care management, also inform the patients about health issues they may face while in hospital (NPSA, 2004; Duncanson and Person, 2005). Disposable gloves for direct contact with body fluids and moist body sites provide a reliable method of reducing the acquisition on hands of microorganisms from these sources. 4.9 Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. Meaning, the participant must have reasonable awareness of the nature of the research and its possible consequences, based on that they whether give or withhold consent. It’s very important that we as a dental assistant make sure we follow the guidelines to protect the patient, the community and ourselves. Essay, 9 pages. If at any stage, the chain of infection is interrupted by an opposing agent such as alcohol hang gel, the chain will become broken. Relating this to clinical practice, if a patient has a soiled bed, it is important to change and remove all linen appropriately in order to stop the spread of infection. Qualitative method is an organized, descriptive, systematic, and intensive process to collect data by using computer software programs i.e.ATLAS.ti, to efficiently examine, analyse, and organise data, also to synthesize large volumes of data (Rebar et al, 2011). Risk assessment is also important (Coia et al 2006). After understanding the infectious cycle, the “reservoir” stage occurs. - Microorganisms from the environment through transmission from: carriers colonized at admission, admitted to wards without undergoing surveillance, isolation or eradication of the germ(s); patients who have developed the infection, Prevention and Control of Nosocomial Infections An example of these working together within a hospitalised environment would be if a patient sneezed, the organisms would be transported either on hard surfaces or airborne to a patient who has an open wound. Research study background Eating a well balanced diet plan indicates choosing a variety of foods and beverages from all the food groups. Interviews and questionnaires are the most common methods used for data collection. Contaminated blood, food, water or inanimate objects are vehicle routes of transmission. The NICE (2004) and HPA(2004) guidelines proposes that effective hand washing techniques should involve preparation, washing, rinsing, drying and the sequence should take roughly 40 to 60 seconds. There are also posters above every sink demonstrating the appropriate way to wash and dry hands. Patients with norovirus are usually isolated in a single room as they are classed as contagious the incubation period is 24-48 hours. Reflective learning helps practitioners analyse their experiences and how they think and feel about them before deciding whether they would approach the situation in a different way next time. Tolkars et al (1995) found that contact between bloods or other infective fluids and the eyes or mouth of surgical staff occurred in 2% of surgical procedures, particularly orthopaedic and gynaecology (cited in Wilson,2001, p141-42). In clinical areas, cross infection will always be an issue for any hospital, regardless of how many policies and procedures there are in place. Direct contact involves proximity between the susceptible host and the infected person or a carrier such as touching, kissing or sexual intercourse. Infection Control Essay on Hand Hygiene just from $13,9 / page. Essay, 12 pages. Perry stated that “Standard infection control principles should be applied to the care of all patients, regardless of their infection status. Several literature highlight the fact that infection may be caused by the patient’s own microbial flora or acquired from other infected patient via the contaminated hands of those delivering care (A. Mears et al, 2008). These infections are considered to be entirely avoidable. It is very important that staff and patients wash their hands with soap and water Health Protection Agency (2010).

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