[46][47], A part-time RUC barracks at Fivemiletown, County Tyrone, in the operational area of the brigade, was destroyed by an IRA van-bomb on 7 May 1992, though the attack was claimed by the South Fermanagh Brigade. [39] Whereas the previous ambushes of IRA men had been well planned by Special Forces, the Clonoe killings owed much to a series of mistakes by the IRA men in question. [5] The theory involved creating "no-go zones" that the British Army and Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) did not control and gradually expanding them. The six attackers gathered on the same spot, instead of vanishing separately. [4] The Gazelle was eventually written off. 10 February 1997: A horizontal mortar fired by an IRA unit hit an RUC armoured vehicle leaving a security base. An eight-man unit of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) launched an attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base in the village. 8 July 1997: A landmine was planted by the IRA near Dungannon, leading to a bomb alert. [82] The IRA said that the workers were legitimate targets because they were "collaborating" with the "forces of occupation". 14 September 1971: a British soldier (John Rudman, aged 21) was shot dead while on mobile patrol, Edendork, near. 26 March 1997: A grenade was thrown by IRA volunteers to the Army/RUC base at Coalisland. [13], In December 2011, the Historical Enquiries Team found that not only did the IRA team fire first but that they could not have been safely arrested. It is believed to have drawn its membership from across the eastern side of County Tyrone as well as north County Monaghan and south County Londonderry.[2]. 10 February 1997: a horizontal mortar fired by an IRA unit hit an RUC armoured vehicle leaving a security base. [42] They had mounted a heavy DShK machine gun on the back of a stolen lorry, driven right to the RUC/British Army station and opened fire with tracer ammunition at the fortified base at point-blank range, no efforts were made to conceal the firing position or the machine gun. Operations against British security forces, List of actions from 1996 up to the latest PIRA ceasefire, Individual members of the brigade were also involved in the. Three other RUC officers who were in the building fled through a back door. One British soldier was wounded. © BelfastTelegraph.co.uk, Coronavirus Northern Ireland: 10 deaths and 679 new cases as Ballymoney church closes following outbreak, Major row breaks out in Irish Cabinet over Shared Island Unit, Blain McGuigan questioned over unaccounted £20k ticket sales and missing proof he was Frampton promoter, Astronaut Major Tim Peake unwittingly bought IRA man's car, US election 2020: The twists and turns from historic poll, The Belfast Telegraph is a member of IPSO and subscribes to its Editors' Code of Practice. No efforts were made to conceal the firing position or the machine gun. A 'senior security source' claimed that the IRA was responsible. (...) The Association is committed to a shared future based on tolerance for the different identities and cultural backgrounds of people who share this Community and this island." [18] In August 1988, an SAS ambush killed IRA members Gerard Harte, Martin Harte and Brian Mullin. They concluded that the SAS were justified in opening fire. [30] Hamilton stated that there were no security or civilian casualties. on 15 February 1991, a Lynx came under machine gun fire while extracting British troops a few miles south of Clogher, in County Tyrone. [15], In 2012 a Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) club in Tyrone distanced itself from a republican commemoration of those killed in the ambush. The soldiers were being transported from RAF Aldergrove to a military base near Omagh after returning from leave in England. [16], The SAS ambush had no noticeable long-term effect on the level of IRA activity in East Tyrone. The four, Peter Clancy, Kevin Barry O'Donnell, Sean O'Farrell and Patrick Vincent, were killed at Clonoe after an attack on the RUC station in Coalisland. The East Tyrone Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), also known as the Tyrone/Monaghan Brigade [1] was one of the most active republican paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland during "the Troubles".It is believed to have drawn its membership from across the eastern side of County Tyrone as well as north County Monaghan and south County Londonderry. [29], On 24 March 1990, there was a gun battle between an IRA unit and undercover British forces at the village of Cappagh, County Tyrone, in which IRA members fired at a civilian-type car driven by security forces, according to Archie Hamilton, then Secretary of State for Defence. One RUC officer was injured. The ambush took place outside the village of Pomeroy. The SAS unit was then surrounded by a crowd of protesters who prevented them approaching Doris or leaving. Two IRA men escaped from the scene, but the four named above were killed. [83], IRA volunteers in Tyrone were the target of an assassination campaign carried out by the loyalist paramilitaries of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). Thus it was from there that the IRA East Tyrone Brigade attacks were launched, with most of them occurring in east Tyrone in areas close to south Armagh, which offered good escape routes. [17] However, many of their remaining activists were young and inexperienced and fell into further ambushes, leading to high casualties by the standards of the low intensity guerrilla conflict in Northern Ireland. [85] The IRA alleged that Dallas was a senior UVF member [86] but this was denied by his family, the police, and the UVF. Steven Prokesch, "British try to end the fear in Ulster", nytimes.com; accessed 6 October 2015. The first phase of Lynagh's plan to drive out the British security forces from east Tyrone involved destroying isolated rural police stations and then intimidating or killing any building contractors who were employed to rebuild them. [34][35] In May, an IRA unit firing a light machine gun disrupted a UDR mobile checkpoint at Lurgylea road, north of Cappagh. (...) The Association is committed to a shared future based on tolerance for the different identities and cultural backgrounds of people who share this Community and this island. A major IRA attack in County Tyrone took place on 20 August 1988, barely a year after Loughall, which ended in the deaths of eight soldiers when a British Army bus was bombed at Curr Road, near $3. [28][29] On 24 March 1990, there was a gun battle between an IRA unit and undercover British forces at the village of Cappagh, County Tyrone, in which IRA members fired at a civilian-type car driven by security forces, according to Archie Hamilton, then Secretary of State for Defence. [33] In October 1990, two IRA volunteers from the brigade, Dessie Grew and Martin McCaughey, were shot dead near Loughgall by undercover soldiers while allegedly collecting two rifles from an IRA arms dump. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions. Frederick 'Eric' Lutton, a 40-year-old father-of-two, was shot dead on May 1, 1979, near Moy in Co Armagh. Ed Moloney, Irish journalist and author of the Secret History of the IRA, states that the Provisional IRA East Tyrone Brigade lost 53 members killed in the Troubles, the highest of any rural Brigade area. [24], According to journalist Ed Moloney, Michael "Pete" Ryan (himself killed with two other PIRA volunteers on 3 June 1991), an alleged top Brigade member, was the commander of the IRA flying column that launched the attack on Derryard checkpoint in Fermanagh on 13 December 1989. [5] The first was an assault on Ballygawley barracks. No casualties were reported. /* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ [81] Two of the wounded were also off-duty UDR soldiers. He would be the longest-serving volunteer in this position, right up to the 1997 ceasefire. The second attack was on the part-time station at The Birches, County Armagh, and it began by driving a JCB digger with a 200 lb (91 kg) bomb in its bucket through the reinforced fences the RUC had in place around their bases, and then exploding the bomb and raking the police station with gunfire. Dates highlighted in bold indicate three or more fatalities. Any hope of achieving this, however, was extinguished on the 8th May 1987 when the most ambitious brigade - East Tyrone/Monaghan IRA - suffered a humiliating setback at Loughgall. Ryan, according to Moloney, had led the mixed flying column under direct orders of top IRA Army Council member Thomas "Slab" Murphy two years before. [19][20] This attack forced the British military to ferry their troops to and from East Tyrone by helicopter. [11] In 1993, two helicopters were fired at in different circumstances, one of them on 8 January at Kinawley after a mortar attack on a British Army outpost,[14] and the other on 12 December in Fivemiletown, after an ambush where two RUC officers from Clogher were killed.

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