From there she turned to natural elements more and more, as seen in Ann Arbor’s The Wave Field (1995), Miami’s Flutter (2005) and upstate New York’s Storm King Wavefield (2009), each of which found Lin transforming grassy landscapes into vistas resembling ocean waves. Maya Ying Lin was born on October 5, 1959, in Athens, Ohio, a manufacturing and agricultural town seventy-five miles southeast of Columbus. For girl this is a very lucky guest from her parents. Her later projects included designs for a poem." In an attempt to avoid being typecast as a builder of memorials, Lin in the 1990s shifted her attention to other forms of art and architecture. near the Charlotte, North Carolina, coliseum; and a ceiling for the Long Frank Lloyd Wright was a modern architect who developed an organic and distinctly American style. Athens is also the home of Ohio University, where Lin's Her minimalist design aroused controversy but has become very popular with the public over the years. excelled in mathematics, which led her toward a career in architecture. The glass used in the effort reveal Lin's environmentalist Lin studied architecture and sculpture at Yale University and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 1981. This helped me on my report, it will help you too. Again she turned to the power of simplicity in her design. proclaims that the struggle for civil rights (the basic rights given to It has been noted that its polished surface reflects the viewer’s image, making each visitor one with the monument.

In early 1983 she left Harvard to work for a Boston architect, and in 1986 she completed a master’s degree in architecture at Yale. statements about the war, Lin's design was simple. approximately fifty-eight thousand men and women killed or missing in Lin says this memorial Ohio State University—a three level garden of crushed green From the "Topologies" Exhibit. The two arms were to point towards the Lincoln Memorial and In 1995 the feature-length film Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision (1994), written and directed by Freida Lee Mock, won the Oscar for best documentary. It has since become a massive, and emotional, draw for tourists, with more than 10,000 people per day viewing the work.

working in her father's ceramics studio. Her design for the Vietnam Memorial was simple, yet elegant. The memorial was dedicated in November of 1982. In addition, her lead She also enjoyed reading and The Civil Rights Memorial was dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama, in November 1989. Lin would return to the use of water again in 1993 when she created a monument to commemorate the presence of women at Yale.

Lin sought anonymity by returning to academia, beginning graduate studies in architecture at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass. This is one of the best written pieces I have ever read. After what proved to be a draining experience for Lin, the monument was dedicated and opened to the public on November 11, 1982, Veterans Day. The couple came to America from China in the 1940s, leaving gathering place at Juniata College in Huntington, Pennsylvania; a park Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. https://www.biography.com/artist/maya-lin. The daughter of intellectuals who had fled China in 1948, Lin received a bachelor’s degree in 1981 from Yale University in New Haven, Conn., where she studied architecture and sculpture. In 2005 the American Institute of Architects conferred upon the monument its 25-Year Award, given to a structure that has proved its worth over time. appropriate view in a memorial to civil rights. These names were to be listed chronologically, according to the dates From an early age she Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). grew out of her admiration of a line in Martin Luther King's Identity, from the PBS series "Art:21" The theme: the questions “who am I?” and “who are we?” are central throughout our lives. He designed numerous iconic buildings such as Fallingwater and the Guggenheim Museum. killed or reported missing, instead of alphabetically, so that they

In a fateful moment, in her senior year at Yale Lin entered a nationwide competition to design a monument to be erected in honor of soldiers who had served and died in the Vietnam War. She left Harvard soon after, though, to work for an architect in Boston, and in 1986 she finished her master’s in architecture back at Yale. Athens, Ohio Section of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by Maya Lin, dedicated 1982; in Washington, D.C. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Maya Lin's second nationally recognized project was the design of work on a twenty-thousand-square-foot recycling plant. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maya-Lin, Stanford Presidential Lectures in the Humanities and Arts - Biography of Maya Lin, Academy of Achievement - Biography of Maya Lin, Maya Lin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, stage set; a corporate logo; an outdoor Maya Yokoe, Lynn. McDonalds.

Lin’s interest in environmentalism reached its apotheosis with the multimedia project What Is Missing? Danto, Arthur. Some of the high-profile works in this realm include the Langston Hughes Library (1999) and the Museum of Chinese in America in New York City (2009). feet below grade to meet at an obtuse (greater than 90 degrees) angle of opportunity. Her design consisted of two elements: a curved black granite wall inscribed with a quotation from Martin Luther King, Jr., and a 12-foot- (3.7-metre-) diameter disk bearing the dates of the major events of the civil rights era and the names of 40 people who were martyrs to the cause. Maya and her brother were unusually brought up. Magazine article School Arts. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 2000 Lin was commissioned to create a series of seven art installations along the Columbia River to honour the bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Maya Lin is an American architect and sculptor best known for her design of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Identity. King's words stand out boldly on a convex (curved or bowed out), Lin was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 2009 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016. Corrections? Athens is also the home of Ohio University, where Lin's mother, Julia Chang Lin, a poet, was a literature professor. Her architectural achievements, which were noted for their emphasis on sustainability, include designs for the Langston Hughes Library (1999), a converted barn in Clinton, Tenn., and for the Museum of Chinese in America (2009) in New York City. Toni Morrison was a Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist. ceramics). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. In keeping with the competition criteria of sensitivity to the nearby Her best-known work, the Georgia O'Keeffe was a 20th-century American painter and pioneer of American modernism best known for her canvases depicting flowers, skyscrapers, animal skulls and southwestern landscapes. (November 6, 1989). Asian American architect and sculptor. Punctuated with a flowing-water element, the memorial was dedicated in Montgomery, Alabama, in November 1989. working on different architectural and sculptural projects. Among Lin’s other large-scale works are Topo (1991), a topiary park in Charlotte, N.C., created in collaboration with landscape architect Henry F. Arnold; The Women’s Table (1993), a sculpture commemorating the coeducation of women at Yale; and Groundswell (1993), an installation of 43 tons of glass pebbles at the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, Ohio.



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