An antenna is placed on each side of the net perpendicular to the sideline and is a vertical extension of the side boundary of the court. In 1918 the number of players on the court was limited to six per team.

[16] These are in turn divided into 3 areas each: these are numbered as follows, starting from area "1", which is the position of the serving player: After a team gains the serve (also known as siding out), its members must rotate in a clockwise direction, with the player previously in area "2" moving to area "1" and so on, with the player from area "1" moving to area "6". The set (called a "quick set") is placed only slightly above the net and the ball is struck by the hitter almost immediately after leaving the setter's hands. Basic Volleyball Rules.

The team captain along with the coach is responsible for maintaining discipline in the team. Setter, Outside Hitter/Left Side Hitter, Middle Hitter, Opposite Hitter/Right Side Hitter and Libero/Defensive Specialist. This position does not have unique rules like the libero position, instead, these players are used to substitute out a poor back row defender using regular substitution rules. A ball passing over the net must pass completely between the antennae (or their theoretical extensions to the ceiling) without contacting them.[3].

The advantage of the 6–2 is that there are always three front-row hitters available, maximizing the offensive possibilities., International Volleyball Hall of Fame - History of Volleyball, Official Site of Federation Internationale de Volleyball, Olympic Games - Volleyball: A Brief History, volleyball - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), volleyball - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A team may also have six more substitute players. The term, meaning "free" in Italian, is pronounced LEE-beh-ro (although many players and coaches pronounce it lih-BEAR-oh). The History of Volleyball in the Philippines, Interesting Facts About Women's Basketball, American Volleyball Coaches Association: Sand.

(A block is not considered a hit.) Competitive teams master six basic skills: serve, pass, set, attack, block and dig.

However, not only does the 6–2 require a team to possess two people capable of performing the highly specialized role of setter, it also requires both of those players to be effective offensive hitters when not in the setter position. Other changes were made to lighten up calls on faults for carries and double-touches, such as allowing multiple contacts by a single player ("double-hits") on a team's first contact provided that they are a part of a single play on the ball. Systems can consist of 5 receivers, 4 receivers, 3 receivers, and in some cases 2 receivers. [3] If the ball is hit around, above, or through the block, the defensive players arranged in the rest of the court attempt to control the ball with a dig (usually a fore-arm pass of a hard-driven ball). At the suggestion of Professor Alfred T. Halstead, its name was changed to "volley ball" to match the action of the sport. The game took some of its characteristics from other sports such as tennis and handball. [33] The union is named the International Beach Volleyball Players Association, and it consists of almost 100 professional players. The first nationwide tournament in the United States was conducted by the National YMCA Physical Education Committee in New York City in 1922. Volleyball quickly gained popularity among various YMCA branches in the States and it was subsequently spread to other parts of the world during the World War I by the American troops. Volleyball allows players to pass the ball among teammates like basketball, but the strategies of defending and attacking are similar to other net or racquet games.

[34] With transgender athletes such as Tifanny Abreu joining professional volleyball teams alongside other non-transgender teammates, many professionals, sports analysts, and fans of volleyball are either expressing concerns about the legitimacy and fairness of having transgender players on a team or expressing support for the transgender people's efforts.[34].

Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895, but it did not become an Olympic sport until 1964. 3-set matches are 2 sets to 25 points and a third set to 15. The system will outline which players are responsible for which areas of the court depending on where the opposing team is attacking from. A four-year cycle of international volleyball events, recommended by the FIVB, began in 1969 with World Cup championships, to be held in the year following the Olympic Games; the second year is the World Championships; in the third the regional events are held (e.g., European championships, Asian Games, African Games, Pan American Games); and in the fourth year the Olympic Games. Exception: if it is the hand or foot. The jump should be timed so as to intercept the ball's trajectory prior to it crossing over the plane of the net.

The first official beach volleyball tournament was held in 1948 at Will Rogers State Beach, in Santa Monica, California, and the first FIVB-sanctioned world championship was held in 1986 at Rio de Janeiro. It governs rules, appoints referees for international tournaments and conducts world cups and world championships for both men and women. [13][14] By the 1960s, a volleyball court had become standard in almost all nudist/naturist clubs.[15]. It is illegal to catch, hold or throw the ball. Off-speed hit: the player does not hit the ball hard, reducing its speed and thus confusing the opponent's defence. Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on a serve. Volleyball is played by two teams in a rectangular court, divided into two equal halves across the length by a net tightly stretched between two poles fixed at either sides of the court. Player may not hit the ball twice in succession. International volleyball competition began in 1913 with the first Far East Games, in Manila. [16] To get play started, a team is chosen to serve by coin toss. In the 6–2 formation, a player always comes forward from the back row to set. In case of a serving error, a second try was allowed. Even two players can play and have fun with volleyball.

In 1916 rules were issued jointly by the YMCA and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The final year of side-out scoring at the NCAA Division I Women's Volleyball Championship was 2000. About 220 national volleyball organizations are members of FIVB. Dip/Dink/Tip/Cheat/Dump: the player does not try to make a hit, but touches the ball lightly, so that it lands on an area of the opponent's court that is not being covered by the defence. The sport originated in the United States, and is now just achieving the type of popularity in the U.S. that it has received on a global basis, where it ranks behind only soccer among participation sports. These members sit along with substitute players on their team bench outside free zone. Improves flexibility of the hands and feet. It is a laboratory based science that brings together biology and chemistry. A ball is out if it hits an antennae, the floor completely outside the court, any of the net or cables outside the antennae, the referee stand or pole, the ceiling above a non-playable area. The Libero is identified with a dress different from other team members. The USVBA was one of the 13 charter members of the FIVB, whose membership grew to more than 210 member countries by the late 20th century. In the winter of 1895,[4] in Holyoke, Massachusetts (United States), William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette, a name derived from the game of badminton,[5] as a pastime to be played (preferably) indoors and by any number of players. Managing your anxiety before it manages you (Panel discussion), 6 players on the floor at any one time - 3 in the front row and 3 in the back row. Volleyball is a team sport which involves keeping a ball off of the ground on your side and trying to make it hit the ground of the other side, it is played on a volleyball court that measures 30 feet wide and 60 feet long with a net in the middle. Some other countries that take part in this game are Brazil, Mexico, Canada, Cuba, United States, Australia, New Zealand, Philippines, and Argentina.

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